Mzansiporn free state
By these treaties, which recognised native sovereignty over large areas on which Boer farmers were settled, the British sought to keep a check on the Boers and to protect both the natives and Cape Colony.
The effect was to precipitate collisions between all three parties.
Extending between the Orange and Vaal rivers, its borders were determined by the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland in 1848 when the region was proclaimed as the Orange River Sovereignty, with a seat of a British Resident in Bloemfontein.
The Matebele had swept the country, destroying the fields, carrying off the cattle, and slaying all the people, saving only the young boys and girls whom they would bring up as Matebele.
Europeans first visited the country north of the Orange River towards the close of the 18th century. The majority of the inhabitants appear to have been members of the Tswana people (also spelled Bechuana), but in the valleys of the Orange and Vaal were Koranbas and other Khoikhois, and in the Drakensberg and on the western border lived numbers of San (Bushmen).
Early in the 19th century Griquas established themselves north of the Orange.
In 1833 he had welcomed as workers among his people a band of French Protestant missionaries, and as the Boer immigrants began to settle in his neighborhood he decided to seek support from the British at the Cape.
At that time the British government was not prepared to exercise effective control over the immigrants.The new republic incorporated the Orange River Sovereignty and included the traditions of the Winburg-Potchefstroom Republic.